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Discuss the types of sentences and explain the basic units of a sentence.

Sentences can also be classified based on their purpose:
  • A declarative sentence or declaration, the most common type, commonly makes a statement: I am going home.
  • An interrogative sentence or question is commonly used to request information — When are you going to work? — but sometimes not; see rhetorical question.
  • An exclamatory sentence or exclamation is generally a more emphatic form of statement expressing emotion: What a wonderful day this is!
  • An imperative sentence or command tells someone to do something: Go to work at 7:30 tomorrow morning.

The basic units of a sentence or parts of speech:
  • Nouns: words that name persons, places, things, or ideas
  • Pronouns: words that stand in for a noun
  • Verbs: words that express action or state of being
  • Adjectives: words that describe nouns or pronouns
  • Adverbs: words that describe verbs
  • Prepositions: words that connect a noun and its modifiers to another component of the sentence
  • Conjunctions: words that join nouns, verbs, or other parts of a sentence
  • Interjections: words that express emotion, shock, and the like.

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